Francis & Elinore

2nd Generation – Francis and Elinore

The elder brother of the second generation, Francis, was the second to wed, marrying Elinore Bush in 1702. They settled in neighboring Chowan County, near Edenton and Hertford. Elinore was born in Chowan County in 1691, some 12 years after Francis was born in Barbados.

The same year Francis and Elizabeth were married, Francis’ mother Elizabeth died. His father Dennis, remarried Deborah Astine (Austin), a woman of distant noble heritage (de Ratclyffe), also in 1702. In 1704, the elder Dennis became a King’s Justice until his death in 1706 at the age of 55/56. His second wife, Deborah, lived on another 26 years, marrying two more times, and dying in 1732 at the ripe old age of 81/82. Records conflict on this but they seem to errantly place the progeny of others under Francis and Elinore. The most sensible records indicate that many years later, they had one child, named Thomas. More on Thomas later.

Tuscarora War

As the second generation of Macklendons were entering their prime, marrying, having children in Chowan County, and carving their farms into of the landscape, tensions between the settlers and the Tuscarora people, to the west and south, were rising.

The Tuscarora were indigenous people living in two main groups in what is now eastern North Carolina. Their population prior to the smallpox outbreak of the late 1690s was as high as 40,000, but by 1700-1710 their numbers were down to roughly 5,000 with about 1,500 warriors. One group lived along the Roanoke River on the land the English called Bertie County. The Macklendon families lived nearby in both Bertie County and across the Chowan River to the east in Chowan County. This group of Tuscarora generally had good relations with the immigrating English. The other group lived about 40 miles south in present-day New Bern County, south of the Pamlico River. The two Tuscarora groups were led by two separate Chiefs.

After having their population nearly decimated by the plagues of the 1690s, the New Bern Tuscarora now suffered many offenses at the hands of English, German, and Dutch settlers in the first decade of the 1700s. Their villages were raided and their people were kidnapped and sold into slavery. At the same time, their hunting grounds were increasingly being cleared by the settlers for agriculture.

By 1711, the anger among the New Bern Tuscarora reached deadly levels. The southern group, led by Chief Hancock attacked the New Bern settlers on September 22, 1711, killing hundreds of settlers, along with prominent colonial political figures, such as John Lawson of Bath. Other settlers fled. Baron Von Graffenried, who was taken prisoner of the Tuscarora during the hostilities gave testimony of women impaled on stakes, more than 80 infants slaughtered, and more than 130 settlers killed in the New Bern settlement.

The government of Carolina Province was in disarray at the time. However, they were able to put together 600 militia. They also secured the help of the Bertie county Tuscarora Chief Blount who mustered 360 indigenous warriors. In 1712, the combined force attacked the southern Tuscarora and other tribes in Craven County at Fort Narhantes, on the Neuse River, killing 300 and capturing 100. Those captured were primarily women and children who were then sold into slavery.

In 1712, Chief Blount was asked to help capture Chief Hancock in return for authority over both Tuscarora populations. Chief Blount captured and the settlers executed Chief Hancock in 1712. In 1713, 33 South Carolina militia and 900 indigenous allies, mostly Yamasee and Cherokee, attacked the remaining Southern Tuscarora belligerents, capturing Fort Neoheroka, in Greene County. About 900 of them were killed or captured and sold into slavery in the Caribbean and New England. Many others fled to related Iroquois tribes in New York. Remaining non-combatant southern Tuscarora were forcibly removed from their Pamlico River homes and relocated to Bertie County to live under the authority of Chief Blount.

3rd Generation – Thomas (Only Child), Son of Francis and Elinore

The third generation of McClendons were both homebodies and adventurers. Francis and Elinore had one son in 1734, named Thomas, after his uncle. Large families were customary among the agrarian pioneers, so it was unusual to have a solitary child at the time. This being in Elinor’s 43rd year of age, it would appear that there was difficulty conceiving. It can also be assumed that this child was unexpected. Elinore died six years later in 1740. By the time Thomas was 12 years old, he would also lose his father, Francis, in 1746.

As Thomas barely grew into adulthood, at the age of 14, he married Louisa and they had three children together in Johnston County, North Carolina. At some point between 1759 and 1798, Thomas moved to Henry County, Georgia, about 30 miles southeast of Atlanta. Little is known of his wife Louisa. Some records show her dying in 1754 after the birth of their son, Issac, but she had a daughter, Deodima, in 1758 and a son, Thomas, in 1759. Some records simply indicate that she died after 1754. On further examination, that date seems to be based on incomplete information. Other records show Thomas Sr., having a first wife, Sarah Cooper, but this is also erroneous.

Known descendants of 3rd-gen Thomas (b: 1734), along with their spouses, number over 800 and can be found here.

During this time, the French and Indian War transpired. Fortunately, for the McClendons, the hostilities in this war were confined to the northeast, but the effects reached deeply into the southeast.

The French and Indian War

This conflict was actually the precurser to a much larger war called the Seven Years’ War which officially began in 1756. The French and Indian War refers to the part of the Seven Years’ War that was confined to North America and began two years earlier in 1754, and ended with a British victory in 1763. Hostilities extended from Virginia to Newfoundland. The primary beligerants were the British, Iroquois, Catawba and Cherokee, against the French, Wabanaki Confederacy, Algonquin, Lenape, Ojibwa, Ottawa, Shawnee, Wyandot. The aftermath of the war left the French pushed back from the Appalachian Mountains in the south and the Atlantic Ocean in the far north, westward all the way to the Mississippi River and west of the Great Lakes in the north. The territory vacated by the French was designated reserved for the indigenous people and was not to be settled.

4th Generation – Thomas, Son of Thomas, son of Francis

The most complete record I found of Sarah Elizabeth Cooper indicates that she married Thomas Jr., in 1788. Their first two children, the new Thomas Jr., and his sister Sophie, were born in North Carolina around 1790. After that, Sarah and Thomas Jr., had ten more children all the way until the year before her death in 1840. These children were born in three different parts of Georgia where the family presumably lived: Meriwether County (just north of Columbus), Jasper (about 50 miles north of Atlanta), and Randolph County (about 30 miles south of Columbus). One of their sons, Enoch, is recorded as being born in Alabama in 1796, but I found no further information on this. The last two children, Elizabeth and Simpson, were born in 1827 and 1839 respectively, after an 18 year child-bearing hiatus, since 1809, when Sarah was 42 years old. The veracity of these last two births to Sarah has to be suspect as she would have been 58 years old at the birth of Elizabeth and 70 years old at the birth of Simpson.

Children of 4th-generation Thomas and, where available, their locations at their demise:

  • Issac b: 1754 d: 1824
  • Diodema b: 1758 d: 1843
  • Thomas Jr. b: 1790 North Carolina d: 2 Feb 1856 in Alabama
  • Sophie “Sissy”  b: 1 Jun 1790 Montgomery, NC d: 9 Apr 1883 Jonesboro, GA
  • Jeptha b: Nov 1794 Meriwether, GA d: 20 Mar 1867 Dudleyville, AL
  • Enoch b: Aug 31, 1796  d: 1840 Newton, GA
  • Jacob b: 1797 d: 3 May 1877 Tallapoosa, AL
  • Mary “Polly” b: 5 Sept 1798 in Georgia d: 20 Dec 1857 Meriwether, GA
  • Lucinda b: 1800 Jasper, GA d: Nov 1887 Woodland, Randolph, AL
  • Cynthia b: 30 Mar 1805  Georgia d: 1850 Randolph, AL
  • Wylie b: 5 Apr 1807 Randolph, Jasper, GA d: 30 May 1877 in Randolph, AL
  • Lydia b: 13 Sept 1809 Georgia  d: 1858 Tallapoosa, AL
  • Elizabeth b: 1 Nov 1827 d: 21 Nov 1827
  • Simpson b: 1754 d: 1824

Next: Dennis II & Margaret

Related Links:

Immigrant Ancestors

Maternal Haplotype Heatmap

Paternal Haplotype Heatmap

Royalty/Nobility Quick-Reference

McClendon Descendency

McClendon: Myth & Reality

Dennis McClendon: Procession to my “XIV” Designation

The Hunt Family

Hunt/McClendon Chart